Data were obtained over an 18-month period from 944 cattle, belonging to 49 families. All farmers in the survey employed draught animals, mainly for ploughing, and also for transport using simple sledges. A positive relationship was noted between herd adoption of farmers on cross bred cows pdf and area ploughed. Hiring of work animals was common.
While the off-take of animals and meat in the traditional sector appeared slightly below that of the commercial sector, the widespread use of draught animals, together with the consumption of milk, suggests that overall productivity is higher in the traditional systems. The limited number of watering places combined with the farmers’ practice of daily watering appeared to lead to overgrazing in some areas and undergrazing in others. Little use is made of crop residues, and farmers argued that improved access to ox-carts would encourage conservation of residues for dry season feeding. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution.
1991 Published by Elsevier Ltd. The technology has been disseminated through different pathways each of which might have different uptake enhancement capabilities. This study was concerned with how different dissemination pathways impacted on farmers’ time to adoption while controlling the effects of selected socio-economic and regional factors. This assessment was necessary in order to recommend which dissemination pathway or combination of pathways that could provide an effective dissemination strategy that speed up adoption, while ensuring continued practice of the technology. The findings indicate positive duration dependence and a positive rate of change in the adoption process. Other variables that accelerated adoption were education, household size and high-income level. The findings suggest the need to fast track the scale up and uptake of PPT through pathways which allow for interactive information sharing and learning as exemplified through farmer teachers and field days.
This study evaluated the effects of dissemination pathways on push-pull technology uptake speed. PPT besides education, household size and farm income. Gender, Tropical Livestock Units, group membership, and locality delayed the adoption process. Efforts to accelerate adoption should target use of demonstrations such as field days. Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page.